Potter is the surname of an long established wizarding family within the United Kingdom that can be traced back to the 9th century. The first recorded wizard of the Potter bloodline is an Anglo-Saxon warrior named Godescealc. However the family is more famous in modern times for being descended from the families of Ignotus Peverell and Linfred of Stinchcombe. Linfred is credited with blessing the family with its surname, 'Potter' been a corruption of his moniker 'the Potterer' given to him by his Muggle neighbours.
The family was classified as pure-blood for much of their history, but since the beginning of the 19th century family members began to marry into Muggle and half-blood families. As a result it is rare to find a recorded pure-blooded Potter in recent generations. They have been traditionally sorted into Gryffindor House at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and are also noted for their monetary wealth.