The House of Anemas, also known as the Anemid dynasty, was an imperial and royal house of Greek origin and of great importance in both the muggle and the wizarding worlds. It was a cadet branch of the Palaiologos dynasty, its founder, Stephanos I Anemas, being a bastard son of Andronikos III Palaiologos. Stephanos was granted the Theme of Nicaea with hereditary privilege, and despite the honours granted onto them by the Palaiologoi emperors, the House of Anemas would ally with the expanding Ottomans, knowing that the Empire would not survive against the Turkish menace.
As such, after the fall of Constantinople, the House of Anemas would maintain control over the area of Nicaea, and in return they gave their full loyalty to the Ottoman Sultan. Shortly after the fall of Constantinople, the head of the Anemas dynasty would marry Eudokia Palaiologina, granddaughter of Constantine XI Palaiologos, uniting the two houses once more, and inheriting the Palaiologoi claims to the Roman throne.
The House of Anemas would eventually betray their Turkish masters, giving way to the Nicaean Revolution, which led to the creation of the independent Kingdom of Nicaea, and the semi-independent Imperial State of Constantinople. The effects of this rebellion would be felt in mainland Greece as well, as the Greeks would also revolt against the Ottoman Empire, eventually allowing the creation of the Kingdom of Greece.
The Anemas dynasty would not be very known in the muggle world, due to the western prejudice against the east, despite Nicaea being a Christian kingdom, and in 1958, with the death of Philip I of Nicaea, the house became de jure extinct, as the successor was a member of the Habsburg-Anemas cadet branch of both the Anemas and the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasties. De facto, the House of Anemas would continue to be extant, eventually having as its head Archduke Hadrian Alexander.
The House of Anemas originated with Stephanos I, an illegitimate son of Eastern Roman Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos and Maria Mouzalon. Though Stephanos was illegitimate, his father valued and cared for him, demonstrated by granting him the Theme of Nicaea with hereditary privilege, and protection against political rivals that would seek to raise Stephanos to the throne, which would either end with his successor's political mutilation or that of Stephanos's.
Anemids and the Ottoman Empire
However, the House of Anemas would turn from Constantinople to the Ottoman Sultan, who was quickly advancing into Asia Minor and mainland Greece. Wanting to remain in power, the House of Anemas betrayed the Emperor and swore fealty to the Ottoman Empire, abolishing the Theme of Nicaea, turning it into the Beylik of Anatolia. The Anemids would remain as vassals to the House of Osman for many centuries, relations between the two reaching great heights with both Symeon II Anemas and Sultan Murad IV, who were known to history as great friends.
But the Anemids would also betray their Ottoman masters a few generations later, shortly after Romanos I Anemas became the Bey of Anatolia. Romanos would become the leader of the Nicaean Revolution, which drove the Ottomans from the region of Anatolia and Thrace, paving the way for the foundation of both the Kingdom of Nicaea and the Imperial State of Constantinople, under Romanos I, now King of Nicaea and Co-Regent of Constantinople.
The effects of the Nicaean Revolution would also be felt in mainland Greece, as Ottoman presence there became diminished, which gave way for the Greek War of Independence.
The House of Anemas remained as the rulers of Nicaea and Constantinople, surviving the Liberal Revolutions and the rise of Communism that plagued western Europe and some countries of Eastern Europe. However, the house of Anemas would become de jure extinct with the death of Philip I Anemas, as his sole legitimate son Alexander had decided to found a new house.
De facto, the House of Anemas remains as the ruling house of both the Kingdom of Nicaea and the Imperial State of Constantinople, but also the holders of the Duchy of Inverness, a peerage of the United Kingdrom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Theme of Nicaea
- Stephanos I
- Theodosios I
Beylik of Anatolia
- Theodosios I
- Manuel I
- Basileios I
- Manuel II
- Manuel III
- Theodosios II
- Symeon I
- Manuel IV
- Basileios II
- Manuel V
- Theodosios III
- Symeon II
- Basileios III
- Manuel VI
- Theodosios IV
- Symeon III
- Romanos I
Kingdom of Nicaea (and Imperial State of Constantinople)
Dominus Mundi (first appearance)